Chapter 4. THE GROWING OF THE ORNAMENTAL PLANTS--THE CLASSES OF PLANTS, AND

Table of Contents

_Planting for immediate effect,
_Planting for immediate effect._
_The use of "foliage" trees and shrubs._
_Windbreaks and screens._
_The making of hedges._
_The borders._
_The flower-beds._
_Aquatic and bog plants._
_Rockeries, and alpine plants._
_Lists for carpet-beds._
1. LOW-GROWING PLANTS
2. PLANTS OF TALLER GROWTH
2. THE ANNUAL PLANTS
_List of annuals by color of flowers._
White Flowers
Yellow and Orange Flowers
Blue and Purple Flowers
Red and Rose-red Flowers
_Useful annuals for edgings of beds and, walks, and for ribbon-beds._
_Annuals that continue to bloom after frost._
_List of annuals suitable for bedding (that is, for "mass effects" of
_List of annuals by height._
_Distances for planting annuals_ (or plants treated as annuals).
3. HARDY HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS

LISTS

In choosing the kinds of plants for the main grounds the gardener should carefully distinguish two categories,--those plants to compose the structural masses and design of the place, and those that are to be used for mere ornament. The chief merits to be sought in the former are good foliage, pleasing form and habit, shades of green, and color of winter twigs. The merits of the latter lie chiefly in flowers or colored foliage.

Each of these categories should be again divided. Of plants for the main design, there might be discussion of trees for a windbreak, of trees for shade; of shrubs for screens or heavy plantings, for the lighter side plantings, and for incidental masses about the buildings or on the lawn; and perhaps also of vines for porches and arbors, of evergreens, of hedges, and of the heavier herbaceous masses.

Plants used for mere embellishment or ornamentation may be ranged again into categories for permanent herbaceous borders, for display beds, ribbon edgings, annuals for temporary effects, foliage beds, plants for adding color and emphasis to the shrubbery masses, plants desired to be grown as single specimens or as curiosities, and plants for porch-boxes and window-gardens.

Having now briefly suggested the uses of the plants, we shall proceed to discuss them in reference to the making of home grounds. This chapter contains a brief consideration of: