THE MEN WHO MADE ROME

THE Roman family was based on patria potestas (the power of the father), which gave the father the power of life and death over wife, unmarried daughters, and sons with their wives and children. Even if the son were a Consul, the necessity to obey his father remained undiminished. The mother, though confined to housekeeping duties, was not, like the Greek wife, just an instrument for bearing legitimate children, but was revered as the guardian of pure morality. This close bond of authority on one side and obedience on the other produced men to whom duty and devotion to the State were all in all. They were very like the English in their respect for tradition and their dislike for logic. Unlike the Greek, who tried to plan the future, the conservative Roman preferred to " muddle through," and to solve each emergency as it came. The Roman religion was one of purely external forms. Man's relation to the gods was one of give and take. The