ST. ANDREW?

One of the original twelve disciples of Christ, Saint Andrew, was adopted as the patron saint of Scotland in the fourth century. Tradition says that he was crucified at Patras in the year 70, on a cross placed, not in an upright, but a slanting position, which is the reason why St. Andrew's Cross is always represented as diagonal. After his death some of his relics were brought to the church which stood on the site of the modern city and university of St. Andrews. Pilgrims came to the shrine in increasing numbers, and before long an archbishopric was created there. It is further narrated that Achaius, King of the Picts, and Hungus, King of the Scots, saw a diagonal cross in the sky on the eve of their victory over Athelstan. After the battle the two kings made a pilgrimage to the church of St. Andrew, and ever since then this cross has figured as the national emblem. The highest order in Freemasonry is that of St. Andrew of the Rosy Cross, the initiation ceremony to which is understood to be extremely trying. In many parts of Scotland St. Andrew is regarded as exercising a special protection over young lovers. Apparently this is a relic of the worship of Freya, the Norse God of Marriage.